游泳池责任:溺水和人身伤害

2014-10-17 09:30:53

作者:郑博仁律师 选稿:马景华

  美国加州警方称,一名中国交换生6日在加州的寄宿家庭游泳池中溺水身亡。周三(6日)晚,警方与医务人员被叫到这户寄宿家庭,对这名16岁男孩进行心脏复苏术紧急处理。这名男生病情危急,被送到医院,但在抵达医院不久后去世。该男孩姓名未对外透露。这名少年与另外几人在这个有门禁的游泳池游泳,在到达深水区时开始挣扎。随后在这户寄宿家庭的数人将男生救上岸。

  游泳池责任:溺水和人身伤害

  购买泳池前,业主必须知道与游泳池所有权相关的风险和责任。对于大多数人来说,拥有一个游泳池可能意味?将面临针对个人财产最大的财务和法律风险,如果游泳池的拥有者掉以轻心,很可能将面临严重的人身伤害或过失致人死亡的罪名。

  关于溺水和游泳池误区

  大多数人有一个错误观念,认为游泳池是安全的,除非有人搞恶作剧,泳池滥用,或因喝醉酒在游泳池嬉戏等等活动才会造成风险,然而大多数的游泳池溺水意外并非因此而产生。

  不幸的是,无人看管的儿童往往是溺水和游泳池事故的受害者。 (我们的律师事务所有第一手的经验与这些类型的案件。)很多时候,只因接听电话,或使用洗手间的时候,一个孩子就可能因此失足并落入游泳池。溺水可发生非常快,而且经常发生得非常安静。人在水中大声呼救,这是最常出现在电影当中的;然而,这是很少发生的情况。大多数溺水的人都是迅速并无声地被淹没在水底下,并没有机会呼救帮助。

  房主和父母如何保护儿童和其他人不小心溺水?

  防止意外溺水等人身伤害是游泳池拥有者的全职工作,需要在任何时候都始终保持密切的监督。然而,只是监管是不够的。

  其中最危险的时刻是没有人在游泳池的时候。这意味著,1)游泳池是否有被监督,以及2)一个人,最有可能的一个孩子,未经您的同意后可以自行到泳池区。那么,你如何保护自己免受这种责任和防止加大他人的风险?

  当你不使用你的游泳池的时候,您必须安装型围栏或带锁的门,也可以将游泳池遮盖住,并安装警报器提醒业主,当有人接近游泳池会有警报发出。未如若不能遵循这些步骤,则可能给房主带来意想不到的悲惨后果和麻烦。

  游泳池拥有人的法律责任

  游泳池的拥有人有责任为无论是孩童还是周边居住的邻居,提供一个安全的泳池环境。房主还有责任主动预防可能发生的意外。对于一些房主,这是一种负担,他们不想承担,这就是为什么一些房主选择不要游泳池的原因。然而,对于那些家中有游泳池的人,下面的列表可以帮助屋主减少事故责任的具体方法:

  ● 确保儿童和成人在有监管的情况下使用游泳池。

  ● 切勿让池无人值守。

  ● 完成使用泳池时,清除所有泳池玩具,防止孩子们因此跌入游泳池。

  ● 要求来访的客人看好他们的孩子。

  ● 不要让醉酒的人使用游泳池。

  ● 确保附近有救生设备,并处于良好使用状态。

  ● 不要依靠漂浮设备帮助溺水的人。

  ● 确保你有相应的保险,包括可能发生的任何意外。(一百万美元是最低的建议。)

  ● 千万不要相信张贴警示标志,如“游泳责任自负”之类的标签可以保护您免受诉讼。如果有人受伤,或溺水在你的游泳池,则将很有可能向您提起索赔,不管是什么类型的标志被张贴。

  结语:

  业主有完全责任保证自己泳池的安全性。如果房主有一个游泳池,没有采取足够的措施,以防止不必要的或不受管辖的个人,接触到游泳池,一旦发生意外,屋主将为事故承担责任。

  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Swimming Pool Liability: Drowning and Personal Injury

  Before purchasing a swimming pool, homeowners must know the risks and responsibilities associated with pool ownership. For most people, owning a swimming pool may represent the greatest amount of financial and legal risk they ever take with regard to their personal property, and if swimming pool ownership responsibilities are taken lightly, a serious personal injury or wrongful death can be the end result. Misconceptions about drowning and swimming pools

  Most people have a false belief that pools are safe unless someone is engaging in horseplay, misuse of the pool, or swimming while intoxicated, etc. While these activites certainly create a hazardous risk, most accidental drowning cases occur when the pool is not being actively used.

  Unfortunately, unsupervised children are often victims of drowning and swimming pool accidents. (Our law firm has first-hand experience with these types of cases, and they are tragic.) In the time that it takes an individual to answer the phone or use the bathroom, a child can rapidly wander away and fall into a swimming pool. Drowning can occur very quickly and often happens very quietly. Visions of people flailing around in the water and screaming for help are most often seen in movies; however, this is rarely what happens. Most people who drown slip beneath the water quickly and quietly and don't have the chance to yell or motion for help. How do homeowners and parents protect children and others from accidentally drowning?

  Preventing accidental drownings and other personal injury from occuring at your pool is a full-time job. And it starts with constant and close supervision of pool occupants (especially children) at all times. However, supervision is not enough on its own.

  One of the most dangerous siutations arises when no one is in the pool. This means that 1) the pool is not likely being supervised, and 2) someone, most likely a child, can wander into the pool area without your consent or knowledge. So how do you protect yourself from this liability and prevent others from risk?

  For the times when you are not using your pool, you must install a type of fence or gate that latches and locks, a pool cover that can be latched or secured, and an alarm that alerts the owners when there is movement near or in the pool. Failing to follow these steps could mean trouble for the homeowner and tragic consequencesfor the person or child in the pool.

  Specifically:

  ● Gates and fencing should completely surround the pool and be at least 4 feet high.

  ● The gates should be self-closing, and the latches on the gates should be high enough that a child cannot reach the latch.

  ● Install and use a pool cover that can be secured and used whenever the pool is not in use.

  ● Make sure that members of the household know CPR and that rescue equipment is in good working order and kept near the pool.

  ● If a child goes missing; check the pool first.

  ● Install a pool alarm that can alert the pool owner when the surface of the water has been disrupted.

  A Poolowner's Legal Liability and Accountability

  No matter what you have heard or been told before, the owner of the pool is the person responsible for providing a safe environment for both children and adults who use the pool, as well as for people who live near the pool. The homeowner is also responsible for being pro-active in accident prevention. For some homeowners, this is a burden and responsibility that they do not want to shoulder, and sometimes why a homeowner chooses not to have a pool. However, for those that do, the following list explains how the homeowner can help reduce accident liability:

  ● Make sure that both children and adults use the pool supervised.

  ● Never allow the pool to be unattended if it is accessible.

  ● When done using the pool, clear out all pool toys so that children are not tempted by them.

  ● Require that guests supervise their children when visiting.

  ● Do not allow an intoxicated person to use the pool.

  ● Make sure that life saving devices are kept nearby and in good condition.

  ● Never rely on floatation devices to protect individuals using the pool from drowning.

  ● Make sure that the insurance policy you have on your home includes coverage for any possible accidents that could occur in regards to the pool. $1 million is the recommended minimum.

  ● Never rely on posted warning signs such as “Swim At Your Own Risk” or something similar to protect you against a lawsuit. If someone is injured or drowns in your pool, it's very possible that a claim will be filed against you, no matter what type of sign was posted.

  The bottom line:

  Property owners are responsibile for keeping their pool secure. If a homeowner has a pool and does not take adequate measures to prevent unwanted or unsupervised individuals from gaining access to the pool, they can end up assuming liability if an accident occurs.

  Law Offices ofPaul P. Cheng & Associates

  Professional Law Corporation - Built on Integrity & Dignity

  W: http://paulchenglaw.com

  A: 301 N. Lake Ave., 8th Floor, Pasadena, CA 91101

  P1: (626) 356-8880

  P2: (626) 570-8888

  F: (888) 213-8196

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游泳池责任:溺水和人身伤害

2014年10月17日 09:30 选稿:马景华

  美国加州警方称,一名中国交换生6日在加州的寄宿家庭游泳池中溺水身亡。周三(6日)晚,警方与医务人员被叫到这户寄宿家庭,对这名16岁男孩进行心脏复苏术紧急处理。这名男生病情危急,被送到医院,但在抵达医院不久后去世。该男孩姓名未对外透露。这名少年与另外几人在这个有门禁的游泳池游泳,在到达深水区时开始挣扎。随后在这户寄宿家庭的数人将男生救上岸。

  游泳池责任:溺水和人身伤害

  购买泳池前,业主必须知道与游泳池所有权相关的风险和责任。对于大多数人来说,拥有一个游泳池可能意味?将面临针对个人财产最大的财务和法律风险,如果游泳池的拥有者掉以轻心,很可能将面临严重的人身伤害或过失致人死亡的罪名。

  关于溺水和游泳池误区

  大多数人有一个错误观念,认为游泳池是安全的,除非有人搞恶作剧,泳池滥用,或因喝醉酒在游泳池嬉戏等等活动才会造成风险,然而大多数的游泳池溺水意外并非因此而产生。

  不幸的是,无人看管的儿童往往是溺水和游泳池事故的受害者。 (我们的律师事务所有第一手的经验与这些类型的案件。)很多时候,只因接听电话,或使用洗手间的时候,一个孩子就可能因此失足并落入游泳池。溺水可发生非常快,而且经常发生得非常安静。人在水中大声呼救,这是最常出现在电影当中的;然而,这是很少发生的情况。大多数溺水的人都是迅速并无声地被淹没在水底下,并没有机会呼救帮助。

  房主和父母如何保护儿童和其他人不小心溺水?

  防止意外溺水等人身伤害是游泳池拥有者的全职工作,需要在任何时候都始终保持密切的监督。然而,只是监管是不够的。

  其中最危险的时刻是没有人在游泳池的时候。这意味著,1)游泳池是否有被监督,以及2)一个人,最有可能的一个孩子,未经您的同意后可以自行到泳池区。那么,你如何保护自己免受这种责任和防止加大他人的风险?

  当你不使用你的游泳池的时候,您必须安装型围栏或带锁的门,也可以将游泳池遮盖住,并安装警报器提醒业主,当有人接近游泳池会有警报发出。未如若不能遵循这些步骤,则可能给房主带来意想不到的悲惨后果和麻烦。

  游泳池拥有人的法律责任

  游泳池的拥有人有责任为无论是孩童还是周边居住的邻居,提供一个安全的泳池环境。房主还有责任主动预防可能发生的意外。对于一些房主,这是一种负担,他们不想承担,这就是为什么一些房主选择不要游泳池的原因。然而,对于那些家中有游泳池的人,下面的列表可以帮助屋主减少事故责任的具体方法:

  ● 确保儿童和成人在有监管的情况下使用游泳池。

  ● 切勿让池无人值守。

  ● 完成使用泳池时,清除所有泳池玩具,防止孩子们因此跌入游泳池。

  ● 要求来访的客人看好他们的孩子。

  ● 不要让醉酒的人使用游泳池。

  ● 确保附近有救生设备,并处于良好使用状态。

  ● 不要依靠漂浮设备帮助溺水的人。

  ● 确保你有相应的保险,包括可能发生的任何意外。(一百万美元是最低的建议。)

  ● 千万不要相信张贴警示标志,如“游泳责任自负”之类的标签可以保护您免受诉讼。如果有人受伤,或溺水在你的游泳池,则将很有可能向您提起索赔,不管是什么类型的标志被张贴。

  结语:

  业主有完全责任保证自己泳池的安全性。如果房主有一个游泳池,没有采取足够的措施,以防止不必要的或不受管辖的个人,接触到游泳池,一旦发生意外,屋主将为事故承担责任。

  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  Swimming Pool Liability: Drowning and Personal Injury

  Before purchasing a swimming pool, homeowners must know the risks and responsibilities associated with pool ownership. For most people, owning a swimming pool may represent the greatest amount of financial and legal risk they ever take with regard to their personal property, and if swimming pool ownership responsibilities are taken lightly, a serious personal injury or wrongful death can be the end result. Misconceptions about drowning and swimming pools

  Most people have a false belief that pools are safe unless someone is engaging in horseplay, misuse of the pool, or swimming while intoxicated, etc. While these activites certainly create a hazardous risk, most accidental drowning cases occur when the pool is not being actively used.

  Unfortunately, unsupervised children are often victims of drowning and swimming pool accidents. (Our law firm has first-hand experience with these types of cases, and they are tragic.) In the time that it takes an individual to answer the phone or use the bathroom, a child can rapidly wander away and fall into a swimming pool. Drowning can occur very quickly and often happens very quietly. Visions of people flailing around in the water and screaming for help are most often seen in movies; however, this is rarely what happens. Most people who drown slip beneath the water quickly and quietly and don't have the chance to yell or motion for help. How do homeowners and parents protect children and others from accidentally drowning?

  Preventing accidental drownings and other personal injury from occuring at your pool is a full-time job. And it starts with constant and close supervision of pool occupants (especially children) at all times. However, supervision is not enough on its own.

  One of the most dangerous siutations arises when no one is in the pool. This means that 1) the pool is not likely being supervised, and 2) someone, most likely a child, can wander into the pool area without your consent or knowledge. So how do you protect yourself from this liability and prevent others from risk?

  For the times when you are not using your pool, you must install a type of fence or gate that latches and locks, a pool cover that can be latched or secured, and an alarm that alerts the owners when there is movement near or in the pool. Failing to follow these steps could mean trouble for the homeowner and tragic consequencesfor the person or child in the pool.

  Specifically:

  ● Gates and fencing should completely surround the pool and be at least 4 feet high.

  ● The gates should be self-closing, and the latches on the gates should be high enough that a child cannot reach the latch.

  ● Install and use a pool cover that can be secured and used whenever the pool is not in use.

  ● Make sure that members of the household know CPR and that rescue equipment is in good working order and kept near the pool.

  ● If a child goes missing; check the pool first.

  ● Install a pool alarm that can alert the pool owner when the surface of the water has been disrupted.

  A Poolowner's Legal Liability and Accountability

  No matter what you have heard or been told before, the owner of the pool is the person responsible for providing a safe environment for both children and adults who use the pool, as well as for people who live near the pool. The homeowner is also responsible for being pro-active in accident prevention. For some homeowners, this is a burden and responsibility that they do not want to shoulder, and sometimes why a homeowner chooses not to have a pool. However, for those that do, the following list explains how the homeowner can help reduce accident liability:

  ● Make sure that both children and adults use the pool supervised.

  ● Never allow the pool to be unattended if it is accessible.

  ● When done using the pool, clear out all pool toys so that children are not tempted by them.

  ● Require that guests supervise their children when visiting.

  ● Do not allow an intoxicated person to use the pool.

  ● Make sure that life saving devices are kept nearby and in good condition.

  ● Never rely on floatation devices to protect individuals using the pool from drowning.

  ● Make sure that the insurance policy you have on your home includes coverage for any possible accidents that could occur in regards to the pool. $1 million is the recommended minimum.

  ● Never rely on posted warning signs such as “Swim At Your Own Risk” or something similar to protect you against a lawsuit. If someone is injured or drowns in your pool, it's very possible that a claim will be filed against you, no matter what type of sign was posted.

  The bottom line:

  Property owners are responsibile for keeping their pool secure. If a homeowner has a pool and does not take adequate measures to prevent unwanted or unsupervised individuals from gaining access to the pool, they can end up assuming liability if an accident occurs.

  Law Offices ofPaul P. Cheng & Associates

  Professional Law Corporation - Built on Integrity & Dignity

  W: http://paulchenglaw.com

  A: 301 N. Lake Ave., 8th Floor, Pasadena, CA 91101

  P1: (626) 356-8880

  P2: (626) 570-8888

  F: (888) 213-8196